Sweeping notions like “knowledge society” indicate the relevance of the topic, but the aim is to increase our understanding at a much more tangible level of analysis. The focus, hence, is on social science theory, and making a contribution to social theory concerning society at large.

More specifically we are interested in processes in which expertise is produced, legitimized, categorized and used in various organizational and market settings, such as decision-making, evaluations of resources, performances and results. We ask questions such as: How is expertise formalized and codified in various ways: into rules, standards, rankings, quantifications and calculations and accounting systems, etc. Who are the legitimate experts here? What are the disciplinary underpinnings among experts? How does a certain expertise or expert become legitimate? How, Who, Why and Where does this take place?"